Learning Objectives - Multiple Choice Questions

Psychology 3309-001 -Critical Issues In Psychology

Instructor - Dr Jeremy Jackson




1) The question about the true or ultimate nature of consciousness is a kind of _________ question.

a) epistemological

b) metaphysical

c) positivist

d) Cartesian

e) Darwinian


2) The question about the true nature of knowledge is a kind of _________ question.

a) epistemological

b) metaphysical

c) positivist

d) Cartesian

e) Darwinian


3) The mind-body problem was created by

a) Descartes

b) Wittgenstein

c) Bacon

d) Darwin

e) Spencer


4) The mind-body problem is the problem of

a) The nature of the mind

b) The meaning of the term mind

c) The true essence of the mind and the body

d) The location of the mind in the body

e) How mental and physical substances interact


5) Wilhelm Wundt coined the term ___________

a) Mental representation

b) Oedipal complex

c) Cognitive map

d) Gestalt

e) Apperception


6) Wilhelm Wundt was the inventor of the school of ___________

a) Functionalism

b) Voluntarism

c) Behaviourism

d) Gestalt psychology

e) Psychoanalytic psychology


7) According to _________ a shared set of assumptions in science is called a/the ________

a) Popper, Paradigm

b) Popper, Zeitgeist

c) Kuhn, Paradigm

d) Aristotle, Zeitgeist

e) None of the above


8) The concept of the JND was invented by

a) Weber

b) Mill

c) Skinner

d) Fechner

e) Wundt


9) The personalistic theory is the view that change is science is due to

a) The Zeitgeist

b) Paradigm shift

c) Normal science

d) Social forces

e) Individuals


10) The text argues that according to Kuhn a common paradigm ___________ characterize ____________

a) Does, psychology

b) Does not, physics

c) Does not, psychology

d) Does, North American society

e) None of the above


11) The text argues that the mechanistic view of the universe implies that science can take a __________ and _________ view of the universe

a) Theoretical, mechanistic

b) Reductionist, deterministic

c) Metaphysical, empirical

d) Empirical, rationalist

e) None of the above


12) Gall believed that personality characteristics could be identified by

a) Observing behaviour

b) Introspection

c) Autopsy

d) Protrusions on the skull

e) Hair styles


13) According to lecture, the real significance Fechner’s work was

a) The discovery of a relationship between the mind and the body

b) Providing a solution to the mind-body problem

c) Discovering that as the size of the initial stimulus increases, the addition of a fixed stimulus is not as noticeable

d) Quantification of a relationship between physical stimulus intensity and perceived intensity

e) None of the above


14) Which of the following were NOT required of the introspection procedure used by Wundt

a) The introspection must be publicly observable

b) It must be possible to vary the experimental conditions in which introspection takes place

c) It must be possible to repeat the observation several times

d) All (a, b and c) were required

e) None of the above were required


15) Which one of the following is NOT a basic dimension of feeling according to Wundt?

a) Pleasure/displeasure (pain)

b) Tension/relaxation

c) Warmth/cold

d) Excitement/depression


16) An immediate experience of a gun would be

a) Dangerous

b) Weapon

c) Bullets

d) Hunting

e) None of the above


17) In lecture it was argued that

a) Consciousness was well defined by Wundt

b) Consciousness is immediate experience

c) Consciousness is experience unflavored by memories, feelings, etc

d) Wundt’s definition of consciousness is nothing like the definition of consciousness we all use

e) Consciousness is like an object and in that sense, it can be viewed as made up of basic elements



18) Watson’s approach to psychology could be characterized as ___________

a) Mentalist

b) Structuralism

c) Positivism

d) Scientific realism

e) Internalism


19) Skinner was well known for

a) Conditioning superstition in a pigeon

b) Conditioning a fear response to a white rabbit

c) Having an extramarital affair with the department head’s wife

d) His alignment with Chomsky’s views

e) Inventing the idea of classical conditioning


20) Skinner wrote

a) The principles of psychology

b) Walden two

c) Principia mathematica

d) The first social psychology text book

e) Philosophical investigations


21) Which order of psychologists from earliest to latest is the best?

a) Freud, James, Weber, Watson, Skinner, Chomsky

b) Weber, James, Freud, Watson, Skinner, Chomsky

c) Weber, James, Freud, Skinner, Watson, Chomsky

d) Weber, James, Freud, Watson, Chomsky, Skinner

e) Weber, Freud, James, Watson, Chomsky, Skinner


22) Which order of systems from earliest to latest is the best?

a) Voluntarism, Structuralism, Functionalism, Behaviourism, Gestalt

b) Structuralism, Voluntarism, Functionalism, Behaviourism, Gestalt

c) Voluntarism, Structuralism, Gestalt, Functionalism, Behaviourism

d) Voluntarism, Structuralism, Behaviourism, Functionalism, Gestalt

e) Voluntarism, Structuralism, Functionalism, Gestalt, Behaviourism


23) One of the most important insights to influence functionalism came from

a) Wundt

b) Stumpf

c) Fechner

d) Darwin

e) Kulpe


24) According to the text Titchner

a) Was not favourable to women in psychology

b) Aided women in psychology

c) Invited women to all his research meetings

d) Did not coin the name of functionalism


25) To confuse the mental process under study with the stimulus or object being observed was to commit

a) Introspective error

b) Retrospective error

c) Stimulus error

d) Inspection error

e) None of the above


26) In lecture it was suggested that the use of terms such as psychic compound, reagents and elements of consciousness by Wundt and Titchner is an example of

a) The tendency of psychology to take analogies from other areas of physical science and engineering to explain mental phenomena

b) Stimulus error

c) A useful source of testable hypotheses about the nature of mental phenomena

d) The conflation of causes and criteria

e) None of the above


27) When Titchner died, the era of structuralism

a) Was taken over by the Chicago school of thought

b) Collapsed

c) Reverted to voluntarism

d) Continued vigorously for ten more years

e) Did not end for another 50 years


28) The ________ask, “What is the mind made of?” whereas the _______ ask, “what does it do?”

a) Experimentalists, structuralists

b) Structuralists, functionalists

c) Functionalists, behaviorists

d) Functionalists, structuralists

e) Structuralists, voluntarists


29) Functional psychology including social Darwinism were powerful forces in _______because they both emphasized the importance of __________.

a) Europe, individual differences

b) America, social welfare

c) England, social class

d) England, social welfare

e) America, individual differences


30) In his 1929 paper, Watson argued that consciousness was__________.

a) Undefined

b) Non-existent

c) Possible to define but does not exist

d) A & c

e) None of the above


31) According to lecture, the two philosophical principles guiding Watson’s argument were:

a) Realism and positivism

b) Operationism and realism

c) Positivism and operationism

d) Behaviourism and learning theory

e) Behaviourism and functionalism